Many of us plan for emergencies in one way or another. We may carry an emergency first aid kit; give a spare set of keys to the neighbours etc.
Central government, local authorities, emergency services, businesses and other organisations also plan for emergencies, but on a much larger scale.
Emergency planning is the intended response to an unexpected, serious and dangerous occurrence. Emergency planning may involve preparation and planning for a natural or man-made disaster, accidents, breach of security, terrorism, medical emergencies, food or other essential service chain breakdowns and other disruptive catastrophes.
The purpose of an emergency plan is to inform staff within organisations engaged in a response, so they: